The human face is based on Phi and Golden Ratio proportions.
The human face abounds with examples of the Golden Ratio, also known as the Golden Section or Divine Proportion.We’ll use a succession of golden ratios to create a golden ruler to understand design on the face:
The head forms a golden rectangle with the eyes at its midpoint. The mouth and nose are each placed at golden sections of the distance between the eyes and the bottom of the chin. The beauty unfolds as you look further.
Even when viewed from the side, the human head illustrates the Divine Proportion.The first golden section (blue) from the front of the head defines the position of the ear opening. The successive golden sections define the neck (yellow), the back of the eye (green) and the front of the eye and back of the nose and mouth (magenta). The dimensions of the face from top to bottom also exhibit the Divine Proportion, in the positions of the eyebrow (blue), nose (yellow) and mouth (green and magenta).
Human beauty is based on the Divine Proportion
See the photo below which illustrates the following golden ratio proportions in the human face:
Center of pupil : Bottom of teeth : Bottom of chin
Outer & inner edge of eye: Center of nose
Outer edges of lips : Upper ridges of lips
Width of center tooth : Width of second tooth
Width of eye : Width of iris
The photo below is from a 2009 University study on perceptions of attractiveness, and also illustrates a variety of golden ratio proportions in the images chosen as most attractive by study participants:
In the photo below, note the following golden ratio proportions that appear throughout the human face using the golden ruler above.
The blue line defines a perfect square of the pupils and outside corners of the mouth.
The golden section of these four blue lines defines the nose, the tip of the nose, the inside of the nostrils, the two rises of the upper lip and the inner points of the ear.
The blue line also defines the distance from the upper lip to the bottom of the chin.
The yellow line, a golden section of the blue line, defines the width of the nose, the distance between the eyes and eyebrows and the distance from the pupils to the tip of the nose.
The green line, a golden section of the yellow line defines the width of the eye, the distance at the pupil from the eye lash to the eyebrow and the distance between the nostrils.
The magenta line, a golden section of the green line, defines the distance from the upper lip to the bottom of the nose and several dimensions of the eye.